禪修基本須知

及專用詞彙手冊

 

巴利-中文-英文

 

Ven. Dhammasiri

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

台灣  法雨道場 印行


禪修基本須知

及專用詞彙手冊

 

巴利-中文-英文

 

 

 

Ì  目錄  Ì

 


第一章如何修行安般念到入禪

第二:如其它法門修定

第三章:何修行四梵住與四護衛禪

何辨識色法

第五章:如何辨識名法

章:如何透視緣起法的環結

第七:如何培育觀智以透視涅槃

參考

帕奧修程之巴~~英文對照補充


                       第一章:修行安般念到入禪

Chapter 1: Develop Mindfulness-of-Breathing to Absorption


KAMMAṬṬHĀNA業處MEDITATION SUBJECT

Ānāpānassati

安那般那念

(入出息念)

Mindfulness  of Breathing

 

ASSĀSA-PASSĀSA入出息 BREATH IN AND OUT

Dīgha vā assasanto

入息長

Breathing in a long breath

Dīgha vā passasanto

出息長

Breathing out  a long breath

Rassa vā assasanto

入息短

Breathing in a short breath

Rassa vā passasanto

出息短

Breathing out a short breath

Passabhaya kāyasakhāra assasissāmī

全身入息

Calming the breath body breathe in

Passabhaya kāyasakhāra passasissāmī

全身出息

Calming the breath body breathe out

 

微細息

Subtle breath

NIMITTA禪相THE SIGN OF CONCENTRATION

Sabhāva-lakkhaa

自相[1] (自性相)

Individual  Characteristics

Sāmañña-lakkhaa

共相[2]

General  Characteristics

四種能使氣平息的因

THE FOUR FACTORS MAKE THE BREATH CALM

Ābhoga

思惟

Reflecting

Samannāhāro

專念

Bringing to mind

Manasikāra

作意

Attending

Vīmasā

觀察

Deciding

禪相的現象APPEARANCE OF THE SIGNS

Uggaha-nimitta

取相

Taken-up sign

or learning sign

Paibhāga nimitta

似相

Counterpart sign

Parikamma-nimitta

預備相

Preparatory sign

SAMĀDHI禪定CONCENTRATION

Upacāra

近行定

Access concentration

Appanā

安止定

Absorption concentration

Sadisūpacāra

等分定

Similary concentration

 

PAÑCAPACCAYO平衡五根BALANCING THE FIVE CONTROLLING FACULTIES

Saddhā

Faith

Vīriya

精進

Effort

Sati

Mindfulness

Samādhi

Concentration

Paññā

Understanding

 

BHĀVANĀ兩種禪修法
TWO TYPES OF MEDITATION

Samatha

奢摩他)

Tranquillity

Vipassanā

(毗婆舍那)

Insight

 

JHĀNA禪那ABSORPTION

Lokiya-jhāna

世間禪

Mundane  jhāna

Lokuttara-jhāna

出世間禪

Supramundane  jhāna

Rūpāvacara-jhāna

色界禪

Fine-material  plane jhāna

Arūpa-jhāna

無色界禪

Immaterial  plane  jhāna

 

 

SATTA BOJJAðGA平衡七覺支
BALANCING THE SEVEN FACTORS OF ENLIGHTENMENT

Sati

念覺支

The Enlighten-

ment Factor of

Mindfulness

Dhammavicaya

擇法覺支

Investigation of Phenomena

Vīriya

精進覺支

Effort

Pīti

喜覺支

Joy

Passaddhi

輕安覺支

Tranquillity

Samādhi

定覺支

Concentration

Upekkhā

捨覺支

Equanimity

 

PAÑCA JHĀNAðGA五禪支
 FIVE JHĀNAS FACTORS

Vitakka

Applied thought

Vicāra

Sustained thought

Pīti

Joy

Sukha

Bliss

Ekaggatā

一境性

One-pointedness

 

PAÑCA VASI-BHĀVA五自在
THE FIVE KINDS OF MASTERY

Āvajjana-vasī

轉向自在

Mastery in  Adverting

Samāpajjana-vasī

入定自在

       attaining

Adhiṭṭhāna-vasī

住定自在

        resolving

Vutthana-vasī

出定自在

      emerging

Paccavekkhana-vasī

省察自在

         reviewing

其他OTHERS

Bhavaga

有分心或有分識

Life-continuum  consciousness

Pahamajjhāna

初禪

First  jhāna (absorption)

Dutiyajjhāna

第二禪

Second  jhāna

Tatiyajjhāna

第三禪

Third  jhāna

Catutthajjhāna

第四禪

Forth  jhāna

Manodvāravīthi

意門心路過程

Mind-door-thought-process

Manodvārāvajjana

意門轉向心

Mind-door adverting consciousness

回目錄

第二章:其它修定的法門

Chapter 2: Develop Absorption on Other Subjects


三十二身分
THE THIRTY-TWO PARTS OF THE BODY

Kesā

Head hairs

Lomā

Body hairs

Nakhā

Nails

Dantā

Teeth

Taco

Skin

Masa

Flesh

Nahārū

Sinews

Atthi

Bones

Atthi-miñjā

骨髓

Bone marrow

Vakka

Kidneys

Hadaya

Heart

Yakana

Liver

Kilomaka

Membrane

Pihaka

Spleen

Papphāsa

Lungs

Anta

Intestines

Antagua

腸間膜

Mesentery

Udariya

胃中物

Undigested food

Karisa

Faeces

Matthaluga

Brain

Pitta

膽汁

Bile

Semha

Phlegm

Pubbo

Pus

Lohita

Blood

Sedo

Sweat

Medo

脂肪

Fat

Assu

Tears

Vasā

膏(皮脂)

Grease

Kheo

Saliva

Sighāṇika

Snot

Lasikā

關節滑液

Synovial fluid

Mutta

尿

Urine

涅槃的三門THE  THREE  ENTRANCES  TO  NIBBĀNA

Vaṇṇakasia

色遍

Colour kasia

Paikūla-manasikāra

厭惡作意(不淨觀)

Repulsiveness

Suññata

(無我)

Voidness of self

 

AṬṬHIKĀ白骨觀THE  SKELETON  MEDITATION

Paikūla

厭惡

Repulsive

Aṭṭhikapaikūla

可厭的骨

Repulsive skeleton

Aṭṭhika

Skeleton

 

DASA  KASIA十遍THE  TEN  KASIAS

Nīla-kasia

青遍

Blue kasia

Pīta-kasia

黃遍

Yellow kasia

Lohita-kasia

紅遍

Red kasia

Odāta-kasia

白遍

White kasia

Pahavī-kasia

地遍

Earth kasia

Āpo-kasia

水遍

Water kasia

Tejokasia

火遍

Fire kasia

Vāyokasia

風遍

Wind kasia

Ālokakasia

光明遍

Light kasia

Ākāsakasia

空遍

Space kasia

CATU ARæPA-JHĀNA四無色禪
THE FOUR IMMATERIAL JHĀNAS

Ākāsānañcāyatanajhāna

空無遍處

The Base-of-Boundless-Space

Viññāṇañcāyatanajhāna

識無遍處

Boundless-Consciousness

Ākiñcaññāyatanajhāna

無所有處

Nothingness

Nevasaññānāsaññāyatanajhānā

非想非非想處

Neither-Perception -Nor-Non-Perception

 

 

回目錄                                 第三章:四梵住與四護衛禪

Chapter 3: Develop the Sublime Abidings and Proctective-Meditations


CATUBRAHMAVIHARĀ四梵住

THE FOUR SUBLIME ABIDINGS

Metta-bhāvanā

慈心觀

Lovingkindness

Karuṇā-bhāvanā

悲心觀

Compassion

Muditā-bhāvanā

喜心觀

Appreciative-Joy

Upekkhā-bhāvanā

捨心觀

Equanimity

 

METTA BHĀVANĀ慈心觀LOVINGKINDNESS

不應當對兩類人修慈心觀

LOVINGKIDNESS SHOULD NOT BE DEVELOPED TOWARDS TWO TYPES OF PERSON

Ligavisabhāga

異性之人

Someone of the opposite sex

Kālakata-puggala

已死之人

Someone not alive

應當對四類人修慈心觀

LOVINGKIDNESS SHOULD BE DEVELOPED TOWARDS FOUR TYPES OF PERSON

Atta

你自己

Yourself

Piya

喜愛者

A person you like and respect

Majjhatta

中庸(無愛憎)

A neutral person

Verī

怨敵

An enemy

最初的時候不應當對四類人修慈心觀

IN THE VERY BEGINNING YOU SHOULD NOT DEVELOPED LOVINGKIDNESS TOWARDS FOUR TYPES OF PERSON

Appiya-puggala

不喜愛者

An antipathetic person

Atippiyasahāyaka

極親愛者

A very dear person

Majjhattapuggala

中庸、無愛憎者

A neutral, indifferent person

Verī-puggala

怨敵

An enemy

 

 

對自己培育慈愛的四種意念

THE  FOUR  TYPES  OF  THOUGHTS  FOR  DEVELOPING  LOVINGKIDNESS TOWARDS  YOURSELF

Aha avero homi

願我免除危難

May I be free from mental danger

Abyāpajjo homi

願我免除精神的痛苦

mental pain

Anīgho homi

願我免除身體的痛苦

physical pain

Sukhī attāna pariharāmi

願我平安快樂

May I be well and happy

對敬愛的人散發慈愛

EXTENDING LOVINGKIDNESS TOWARDS A PERSON YOU LIKE AND RESPECT

Aya sappuriso avero hotu

願此善人免除危難

May this good person be free from danger

Aya sappuriso abyāpajjo hotu

精神的痛苦

mental pain

Aya sappuriso anīgho hotu

身體的痛苦

physical pain

Aya sappuriso sukhī attāna pariharatu

願此善人平安快樂

May this good person be well and happy

SĪMĀSAMBHEDA破除界限[3]
THE BREAKING DOWN OF BOUNDARIES

廿二類遍滿THE  TWENTY-TWO  CATEGORIES OF  PERVASION

Anodhiso-pharaṇā

五類不限定的遍滿

Five categories of unspecified pervasion

Odhiso-pharaṇā

七類限定的遍滿

Seven categories of pervasion

Disā-pharaṇā

十類方向的遍滿

Ten categories of directional pervasion

五類不限定的遍滿FIVE CATEGORIES OF UNSPECIFIED PERVASION

Sabbe sattā

一切有情(眾生)

All beings

Sabbe pāṇa

一切有命者(息生)

All breathing things

Sabbe bhūtā

一切生物

All creatures

Sabbe puggalā

一切個人(別生)

All persons

Sabbe attabhāva-pariyāpannā

一切個體(自生)

All individuals

七類限定的遍滿

SEVEN CATEGORIES OF SPECIFIED PERVASION

Sabbā itthiyo

一切女人

All beings

Sabbe purisā

一切男人

All breathing things

Sabbe ariyā

一切聖者

All women

Sabbe anariyā

一切凡夫

All men

Sabbe devā

一切天神

All enlightened beings

Sabbe manussā

一切人類

All unenlightened beings

Sabbe vinipātikā

一切惡道眾生

All beings in the lower realms

 

十類方向的遍滿[4]

TEN CATEGORIES OF DIRECTIONAL  PERVASION

Puratthimāya disāya

東方

To the East

Pacchimāya disāya

西方

To the West

Uttarāya disāya

南方

To the North

Dakkhiṇāya disāya

北方

To the South

Puratthimāya anudisāya

東南方

To the South East

Pacchimya anudisāya

西北方

To the North West

Uttarāya anudisāya

東北方

To the North East

Dakkhiṇāya anudisāya

西南方

To the South West

Hethimya disāya

下方

Below

Uparimya disāya

上方

Above

 

KARUṆĀ BHĀVANĀ悲心觀[5] COMPASSION

Aya sappuriso dukkhā muccatu

願此善人解脫
痛苦

May this person be released from suffering

 

UPEKKHĀ BHĀVANĀ捨心觀EQUANIMITY

Aya sappuriso kammasako

此善人是他自己所造之業的承受者

This being is the heir to his own actions

 

CATURĀRAKKHA BHĀVANĀ四護衛禪

THE FOUR PROTECTIVE MEDITATIONS

Buddhānussati

佛隨念

Recollection  of  the  Buddha

Asubha

不淨觀

Repulsiveness

Maraanussati

死隨念

Recollection  of  Death

Mettā

慈心觀

Lovingkidness

BUDDHĀNUSSATI佛隨念
RECOLLECTION OF THE BUDDHA

Itipi so bhagavā

世尊已滅除煩惱

This Blessed One, having des

-troyed mental difilements

Araha

堪受尊敬(阿羅漢)

Is worthy of veneration

Sammāsambuddho

他自己證悟圓滿正覺(正遍知)

He has attained perfect enlighten

-ment by himself

Vijjācaraasam-panno

他的智慧與德行達到完美(明行足)

He is perfect in knowledge and the practice of morality

Sugato

他只說利益與正實的話(善逝)

He speaks only what is benefi-

cial and true

Lokavidū

他了解世間
(世間覺)

He knows the world

Annuttaro purisadammasā-rathi

他是那些堪受調伏者的無上引導者
(
無上士調御丈夫)

He is the unsur-

passable leader of men fit to be tamed

Satthā devama-nussāna

他是天神與人類的導師(天人師)

He is the teacher of devas and men

Buddho

他是覺悟者
(
佛陀)

He is an Enlightened One

Bhagavā

他是過去生善業福德果報的最吉祥擁有者
(世尊)

He is the most fortunate poses-sor of the results of previous me-ritorious action

 

 

ASUBHA不淨觀REPULSIVENESS

Uddhumātaka

腫脹

A bloated corpse

Vinīlaka

青瘀

A livid corpse

Vipubbaka

膿爛

A fastering corpse

Vicchiddaka

斷壞

A dismembered corpse

Vikkhāyitaka

食殘

An eaten corpse

Vikkhittaka

散亂

A scattered in pieces corpse

Hatavikkhitta-ka

斬斫離散

A multilated and scattered in pieces corpse

Lohitaka

血塗

A bloody corpse

Pulavaka

蟲聚

A worm infested corpse

Atthika

骸骨

A skeleton

 

MARAṆĀNUSSATI死隨念
RECOLLECTION  OF  DEATH

Maraa me dhuva, jīvita me adhuva

我必然會死,人命是無常的

I am certain to die, life is imper

-manent

Maraa me bhavissati

我一定會死

I certainly die

Maraapariyosāna me jivita

我的生命在死亡時斷絕

My life will end in death

Maraam maraam

死,死

Death, death

 

 

回目錄


回目錄                               第四章:如何辨識色法

Chapter 4: How to Discern Materiality


CATTĀRO MAHĀBHæTĀ四界分別觀

THE FOUR ELEMENTS MEDITATION

 

PAÑCA PASĀDA-RæPA五淨色

THE FIVE TRANSPARENT-ELEMENT

Cakkhu-pasāda

眼淨色

The eye trans-parent element

Kāya-pasāda

身淨色

The body…

Sota-pasāda

耳淨色

The ear …

Ghāna-pasāda

鼻淨色

The nose …

Jivhā-pasāda

舌淨色

The tongue …

 

GHANA三種密

THE THREE KINDS OF COMPACTNESS

Santati-ghana

相續密集

Compactness of continuity

Samūha-ghana

組合密集

Compactness of  group

Kicca-ghana

功用密集

Compactness of  function

 

 

如何分析淨色

HOW TO ANALYSE THE TRANSPARENT-ELEMENT MATERIALITY

 

Cakkhu-dasaka-kalāpa

眼睛色為第十個色法的色聚

Eye as the tenth-factors-kalāpa

1. Pahavidhātu

2. Āpodhātu

3. Tejodhātu

4. Vāyodhātu

5. Vaṇṇa

6. Gandho

7. Raso

8. Ojā

9. Jīvita

10. Cakkhu-pasāda

地界

水界

火界

風界

顏色

食素

命根

眼淨色

Earth element

Water element

Fire element

Wind element

Colour

Odour

Taste

Nutritive-essence

Life-faculty

Eye transparent element

Kaya-dasaka-kalāpa身淨色為第十個色法的色聚

Body as the tenth-factors-kalāpa

1-9 same as Cakkhu-dasaka-kalāpa

19與眼睛色為第十個色法的色聚相同

1-9 same as Eye as the tenth-factors-kalāpa

10. Kaya-pasāda

身淨色

Body transpa-

rent element

Sota-dasaka-kalāpa耳淨色為第十個色法的色聚

Ear as the tenth-factors-kalāpa

1-9 same as Cakkhu-dasaka-kalāpa

19與眼睛色為第十個色法的色聚相同

1-9 same as Eye as the tenth-factors-kalāpa

10. Sota-pasāda

耳淨色

Ear transparent element

 

Ghāna-dasaka-kalāpa鼻淨色為第十個色法的色聚

Nose the tenth-factors-kalāpa

1-9 same as Cakkhu-dasaka-kalāpa

19與眼睛色為第十個色法的色聚相同

1-9 same as Eye as the tenth-factors-kalāpa

10. Ghāna-pasāda

鼻淨色

Nose transpa-rent element

 

Jivhā-dasaka-kalāpa舌淨色為第十個色法的色聚

Tongue the tenth-factors-kalāpa

1-9 same as Cakkhu-dasaka-kalāpa

19與眼睛色為第十個色法的色聚相同

1-9 same as Eye as the tenth-factors-kalāpa

10. Jivhā-pasāda

舌淨色

Tongue transpa-

rent element

眼睛裡的54種色法

THE FIFTY-FOUR TYPES OF MATERIALITY IN THE EYE

Cakkhu-dasaka-kalāpa

眼十法聚

Eye decad- kalāpa

Kāya-dasaka-kalapa

身十法聚

Body  decad-kalāpa

Bhāva-dasaka-kalāpa

性根十法聚

Sex  decad-Kalāpa

Cittaja-ojaṭṭhamaka-kalāpa

心生食素八法聚(由心產生)

Nutritive-essence octad kalāpa

(opaque and pro-duced by consciousness)

Utuja-ojaṭṭhamaka-kalāpa

時節生食素八法聚(由時節產生)

(opaque and produced by temperature)

Āhāraja-ojaṭṭhamaka-kalāpa

食生食素八法聚(由食物產生)

(opaque and produced by nutriment)

Bhāva-dasaka-kalāpa性根十法聚
The Sex decad kalāpa

1-9 same as Cakkhu-dasaka-kalāpa

19與眼睛色為第十個色法的色聚相同

1-9 same as Eye as the tenth-factors-kalāpa

10. Bhāva rūpa

性根色

Sex materiality

Cittaja-ojaṭṭhamaka-kalāpa心生食素八法聚[6]
The nutritive-essence-octad kalāpa

All the eight factors are same as Cakkhu-dasaka-kalāpa

完全相同與眼睛色為第十個色法的色聚的前八項

All the eight factors are same as Cakkhu-dasaka-kalāpa

 

四十二身分

THE FORTY-TWO PARTS OF THE BODY

The first thirty-two parts are sa-me as the thirty-two parts of the body

前面的三十二個部份相同於三十二身分

The first thirty-two parts are same as the thirty-two parts of the body

Tejodhātu

 

 

--santappana-

tejo

 

四個火界顯著的部份:

 

--間隔性發

燒之火

The four outstan

-ding parts of the fire element

--

--jīraa-tejo

 

 

--ḍahā-tejo

 

--pācaka-tejo

--導致成熟

和老化之火

--普通發燒之火

--消化之火

 

--

 

 

--

 

--fire of digestion

Vāyodhātu

 

 

--uddhagama-

vātā

--adhogama-vātā

--kucchisaya-

vātā

--koṭṭhāsaya-

vātā

--agamagānu

sārino-vātā

--assāsa-passāsa

六個風界顯著的部份:

 

--上升風

 

--下升風

 

--腹內腸外風

--腸內風

 

--於肢體內

循環之風

--入息與出息

The six outstan

-ding parts of the wind element

--ascend wind

 

--descend wind

 

--

--wind in the

intestine

--

 

--breath-in and

breath-out

廿八種色法

THE TWENTY-EIGHTS MATERIAL PHENOMENA AT A GLANCE

 

十八種完成色

The Eighteenth Concretely Produced Matter

Bhūta-rūpa

元素色

Great  Essentials

1.Pahavi-dhātu

2. Āpo-dhātu

3. Tejo-dhātu

4. Vāyo-dhātu

地界

水界

火界

風界

Earth element

Water element

Fire element

Air element

Pasāda-rūpa

淨色

Sensitive Phenomena

5. Cakkhu

6. Sota

7. Ghāna

8. Jivhā

9. Kāyo

眼淨色

耳淨色

鼻淨色

舌淨色

身淨色

Eye-sensitivity

Ear- sensitivity

Nose- sensitivity

Tongue-sensitivity

Body- sensitivity

 

Gocara-rūpa

淨色

Objective Phenomena

10. Rupa

11. Saddo

12. Gandho

13. Raso

顏色

Visible form

Sound

Smell

Taste

Bhāva-rūpa

性根色

Sexual Phenomena

14. Itthatta

15. Purisatta

女根色

男根色

Femininity

Masculinity

Hadayarūpa

心色

Heart Phenomenon

16. Hadaya-vatthu

心所依處

Heart-base

Jīvitarupa

命色

Life Phenomenon

17. Jīvitindriya

命根色

Life faculty

Kabaḷīkārāhāra

食色

Nutritional Phenomenon

18. Kabaḷīkāro

食素(營養)

Nutriment

 

Dasa Anipphannarūpa/十種不完成色

The Ten Non-Concrete Matter

Paricchedarūpa

限制色

Limiting Phenomenon

19. Ākāsadhātu

空界

Space element

Viññattirūpa

表色

Communication Phenomena

20. Kāyaviññatti

21.  Vacīviññatti

身表

語表

Bodily intimation

Vocal intimation

Vikārarūpa

變化色

Mutable Phenomena

22. Rūpassa  lahutā

23. Rūpassamudutā

24. Rūpassa kammaññatā

色輕快性

色柔軟性

色適業性

Lightness

Malleability

Wieldiness

Lakkhaarūpa

相色

Characteristics of Matter

25. Rūpassa upacaya

色積集性

Production

26. Santati

27. Jaratā

28. Aniccatā

色相續性

色老性

色無常性

Continuity

Decay

Impermanence

回目錄                               第五章:如何辨識名法

Chapter 5: How to Discern Mentality


五十二心所  THE FIFTY-TWO FACTORS AT A GLANCE

Aññasamānacetasika十三通一切心所

The Thirteenth Ethically Variables

Sabbacitta-sādhāraa--7

七遍一切心心所

Universals 7

1. Phassa

2. Vedanā

3. Sañña

4. Cetanā

5. Ekaggatā

6. Jīvitindriya

7. Manasikāra

一境性

命根

作意

Contact

Feeling

Perception

Volition

One pointedness

Life faculty

Attention

 

Pakiṇṇaka--6

六雜心所

Occasionals--6

8. Vitakka

9. Vicāra

10. Adhimokkha

11. Vīriya

12. Pīti

13. Chanda

勝解

精進

Applied thought

Sustained  thought  Decision

 

Energy

Joy

Desire

 

 

Akusala Sādhāraa Cetasika十四不善心所
The Fourteenth Unwholesome Factors

Akusala Sādhā-raa Cetasika

四通一切不善心

Unwholesome Universals--4

14. Moha

15. Ahirika

16. Anottappa

17. Uddhacca

無慚

無愧

掉舉

Delusion

Shamelessness
Fearlessness of wrongdoing

Restlessness

Akusala Cetasika

十雜不善心所

Unwholesome Occasionals 10

18. Lobha

19. Diṭṭhi

20. Māna

21. Dosa

22. Issā

23. Macchariya

24. Kukkucca

25. Thīna

26. Middha

27. Vicikīcchā

邪見

嫉妒

惡作

昏沉

睡眠

Greed

Wrong view

Conceit

Hatred

Envy

Avarice

Worry

Sloth

Torpor

Doubt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sobhanacetasika廿五美心所The Twenty-five Beautiful Factors

Sobhana-sādhāraa--19

十九遍一切美心心所

Beautiful Factors--19

28. Saddhā

29. Sati

30. Hiri

31. Ottappa

32. Alobha

33. Adosa

34. Mettā

35. Tatramajjhattatā

36. Kāya-passaddhi

Citta-passaddhi

37. Kāya-lahutā

38. Citta-lahutā

39. Kāya-mudutā

40. Citta-mudutā

41. Kāya-kammaññatā

42. Citta-kammaññatā

43. Kāya-paguññatā

44. Citta-paguññatā

45.Kāyujjukatā
46. Cittujjukat
ā

無貪

無瞋

中捨性

身輕安

心輕安

身輕快性

心輕快性

身柔軟性

心柔軟性

身適業性

心適業性

身練達性

心練達性

身正直性

心正直性

Faith

Mindfulness

Shame

Fear of wrong

Non-greed

Non-hatred

lovingkindness

Neutrality of mind

Tranquility of mental body

Tranquility of  consciousness

Lightness of  mental body

Lightness of     consciousness

Malleability  of  mental body

Malleability  of   consciousness

Wieldiness  of mental body

Wieldiness  of   consciousness

Proficiency of mental body

Proficiency of   consciousness

Rectitude of  mental body

Rectitude of   consciousness

 

Samucchedavirati三離The Three Abstinences

47. Sammāvācā

48. Sammākammanta

49. Sammā-ājīva

正語

正業

正命

Right speech

Right action

Right livelihood

Appamaññā二無量Two Illimitables

50. Karuṇā

51. Muditā

悲憫

隨喜

Compassion

Appreciative joy

Amoha一無痴Non-delusion

52. Paññā

慧根

Wisdom  faculty

心根據它們存在的界之分類

CONSCIOUSNESS WHICH CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO THEIR PLANE OF EXISTENCE

Kāmāvacara

欲界

Sensual plane

Rūpāvacara

色界

Fine-material plane

Arūpāvacara

無色界

Immaterial plane

Lokuttarā

出世間

Supramundane

兩種心TWO TYPES OF CONSCIOUSNESS

1. Cittavīthi

心路過程心

Consciousness in the thought-process

2. Vīthimutta

離心路過程心

Consciousness outside the thought-process

 

初禪的意門心路過程由一連串不同功能的六種心組成[7]

A MIND-DOOR THOUGHT-PROCESS OF THE FIRST JHĀNA CONSISTS OF A SEQUENCE OF SIX TYPES OF CONSCIOUSNESS EACH WITH DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS

1. Manodvārāva

-jjana

意門轉向心

12個)

Mind-door-adv-rting conscious-ness

2. Parikamma

遍作心

34個)

A  preparatory consciousness

3. Upacāra

近行心

 

An  access consciousness

4. Anuloma

隨順心(34個)

A conformity consciousness

5. Gotrabhū

種性心

34個)

A change-of-lineage consciousness

6. Jhāna-javana-citta

相續不斷一連串的禪那速行心

34個)

An uninterrupted  sequence  of jhāna  impulsion consciousness

 

初禪的三十四個名法[8]

THE FIRST JHĀNA CONSISTS OF  THIRTY-FOUR MENTALITY

1. Viññāṇa

[9]

Consciousness

2. Phassa

[10]

Contact

3. Vedanā

[11]

Feeling

4~14 Please refer to Aññasamā

-nacetasika no. 3~13

414項請見十三通一切心所的第313

4~14 Please re-fer to Thirteenth Ethically Varia-bles no. 3~13

15~33 Please refer to Sobha-

nacetasika no. 28~46

1533項請見廿五美心所的第2846

15~33 Please refer to Twenty

-five Beautiful

Factors no. 28~46

34. Paññā

慧根

Wisdom faculty

 

MANODVĀRA VITHI

欲界的善意門心路過程由一連串不同功能的心組成

A WHOLESOME MIND-DOOR THOUGHT-PROCESS OF THE SENSUAL PLANE CONSISTS OF  CONSCIOUSNESS EACH WITH DIFFERENT  FUNCTIONS

Manodvārā-vajjana

意門轉向心

Mind-door-adv-rting consciousness

Javana-citta

七個速行心

Seven impulsion consciousness

Tadārammaa-citta

兩個被所緣心

Two registration consciousness

CAKKHUDVĀRA VITHI

眼門心路過程由一連串不同功能的七種心組成

AN EYE-DOOR THOUGHT-PROCESS CONSISTS OF A SEQUENCE OF SEVEN TYPES OF CONSCIOUSNESS EACH WITH DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS

1. Paññcadvārā-

vajjana

五門轉向心

 

Five-door

adverting consciousness

2. Cakkhuviññāṇa

眼識

An eye consciousness

3. Sampaicchana

領受心

A receiving consciousness

4. Santīraa

推度心

An investigating consciousness

5. Voṭṭhapana

確定心

A determining consciousness

6. Javana-citta

速行心

Impulsion consciousness

7. Tadārammaa-citta

被所緣心

Registration consciousness

 

其他OTHERS

Pañcadvāra-vīthi

五門心路過程

Five-door thought-process

Manodvāra-vīthi

意門心路過程

Mind-door thought process

Kāmāvacara-vīthi

欲界心路過程心

Sensual plane thought-process

Kāmāvacara-kusala-manodvāra-vīthi

欲界的善意門心路過程

Wholesome mind-door thought-process of the sensual plane takes

place

Rūpa-kammaṭṭhāna

名業處

Discernment of materiality

Nāma-kammaṭṭhāna

色業處

Discernment of

mentality

Jhāna-javana-citta

禪那速行心

Absorption impulsion consciousness

Cittaniyāma

心法法則

Natural law

Yoniso-manasikāra

如理作意

(從根源作意)

Wise attention

Ayoniso-manasikāra

不如理作意
(
不從根源作意)

Unwise attention

 

 

回目錄                    第六章:如何透視緣起的環結

Chapter 6: How to See the Links of Dependent-Origination


PAICCASAMUPPĀDA緣起 (第一法)

DEPENDENT-ORIGINATION (1st Method)

1. Avijjāpaccayā sakhārā

緣於無明,行生起

Dependent on ignorance arise
 kammic formations

2. Sakhārapac-cayā viññaa

緣於行,識生起

  kammic formation  
conciousness

3. Viññaapaccayā nāmarūpa

緣於識,名色生起

  consciousness 
mind-and-matter

4. Nāmarūpapa-ccayā saḷāyata-na

緣於名色,六處生起

  mind-and-matter  
the six sense bases

5. Saḷāyatanapaccayā phasso

緣於六處,觸生起

  the six sense bases 
contact

6. Phassapaccayā vedanā

緣於觸,受生起

   contac  t 

feeling

7. Vedanāpacca-yā tahā

緣於受,愛生起

   feeling  

craving

8. Tahāpaccaya upādāna

緣於愛,取生起

  craving 
clinging

9. Upādānapaccayā bhavo

緣於取,有生起

   clinging  
  existence

10. Bhavapaccayā jāti

緣於有,生生起

   existence  
  birth

11. Jātipaccayā jarā-maraa-sokaparideva-dukkha-domanass' upāyassā  sambhavanti

緣於生,老、死、愁、悲、苦、憂、惱生起

birth  decay-and-death, sorrow, lamen-tation, pain, grief, and des-pair

 

PAICCASAMUPPĀDA緣起 (第五法)

DEPENDENT-ORIGINATION (5th Method)

1. Ñāta pariññā

知遍知

Autological knowledge--comprehension of the nature of things

2. Tīraa pariññā

度遍知

Analytical knowledge--comprehension of their characteristics, such as anicca (impermanence), dukkha (suffering), anatta (selfless-ness)

3. Pahāna pariñña

斷遍知

Dispelling knowledge--comprehension culminating in their complete and final cessation

 

三種輪 THREE KINDS OF ROUND

Kilesa-vaṭṭa

煩惱輪

Round of defilement

Kamma-vaṭṭa

業輪

Round of kamma

Vipāka-vaṭṭa

果輪

Round of results

 

臨死速行心的對相

OBJECT OF NEAR DEATH IMPULSION CONSCIOUSNESS

Kamma

Action

Kamma-nimitta

業相

Kamma sign

Gati-nimitta

趣相

Rebirth sign

其他OTHERS

Cetanā

Intention

Kusala-cetanā

善思

Wholesome intention

Paisandhi-citta

結生識

Rebirth-linking consciousness

Maraṇāsanna-javana-citta

臨死速行心

Near death impulsion consciousness

Arahatta-magga

阿羅漢道

Attainment of the Arahant path

 

                      第七章:如何培育觀智以透視涅槃

Chapter 7: How to Develop the Insight-Knowledges to See Nibbāna


CHA VATTHæ六依處 THE SIX BASES

1. Cakkhu-vathū

眼依處

Eye base

2. Sota-vathū

耳依處

 
Ear base

3. Ghāna-vathū

鼻依處

Nose base

4. Jivhā-vathū

舌依處

Tongue base

5. Kāya-vathū

身依處

Body base

6. Viññāṇa-vathū

識依處

Mind base

 

PAÑCA KHANDHA五蘊 THE FIVE AGGREGATES

Rūpa

Materiality

Vedanā

Feeling

Sañña

Perception

Sakhāra

Volition

Viññāṇa

Consciousness

 

十一種受及想
THE ELEVEN TYPES OF FEELING AND PERCEPTION

1. Atīta

過去

Past

2. Anāgata

現在

Present

3. Paccuppanna

未來

Future

4. Ajjhatta

Internal

5. Bahīddha

External

6. Olārīka

Gross

7. Sukhuma

Subtle

8. Hīna

Inferior

9. Paita

Superior

10. Dūra

Near

11. Santika

far

 

CHA DVĀRA六門THE SIX DOORS

1. Cakkhu-dvāra

眼門

Eye door

2. Sota-dvāra

耳門

Ear door

3. Ghāna-dvāra

鼻門

Nose door

4. Jivhā-dvāra

舌門

Tongue door

5. Kāya-dvāra

身門

Body door

6. Viññāṇa-dvāra

意門

Mind door

 

 

CHA RAMMAA六所緣(六塵)
 THE SIX OBJECTS

1. Rūpārammaa

顏色所緣(=)

Visible form

2. Saddārammaa

聲所緣(=)

Sound

3. Gandhārammaa

香所緣(=)

Smell

4. Rasārammaa

味所緣(=)

Taste

5. Phoṭṭhabbārammaa

觸所緣(=)

Tangible

6. Dhammārammaa

法所緣(=)

Mental-object

 

CHA VIÑÑĀṆA六識 THE SIX CONSCIOUSNESS

1. Cakkhu-viññāṇa

眼識

Eye consciousness

2. Sota- viññāṇa

耳識

Ear consciousness

3. Ghāna- viññāṇa

鼻識

Nose consciousness

4. Jivhā- viññāṇa

舌識

Tongue consciousness

5. Kāya- viññāṇa

身識

Body consciousness

6. Mano- viññāṇa

意識

Mind consciousness

DVĀDA ĀYATANA十二處

THE TWELVE SENSE BASES

1. Cakkhāyatana

眼處

Eye base

2. Sotāyatana

耳處

Ear base

3.Ghānayatana

鼻處

Nose base

4. Jivhāyatana

舌處

Tongue base

5. Kāyāyatana

身處

Body base

6. Manāyatana

意處

Mind base

7. Rūpāyatana

顏色處

Visible form base

8. Saddayatana

聲處

Sound base

9. Gandhāyatana

香處

Smell base

10. Rasāyatana

味處

Taste base

11. Phoṭṭhabbāyatana

觸處

Tangible base

12. Dhammāyatana

法處

Mental-object base

 

 

 

AṬṬHĀRASA DHĀTU十八界
THE EIGHTEENTH ELEMENTS

1. Cakkhu-dhātu

眼界

Eye  element

2. Sota-dhātu

耳界

Ear      element

3. Ghāna-dhātu

鼻界

Nose      element

4. Jivha-dhātu

舌界